“Time stops for none” – The effect of time is always felt and as our body ages, it starts to lose the strength it had on its prime. Normal things start to seem difficult and the same happens for your eyes too. However, there exists a treatment for nearly all the eye problems one could encounter. We will discuss some of the prominent diseases and their treatment one by one.
Cataract and its treatment
A cataract is one of the most common eye problems among people over 60 years of age. In this condition, a person’s lenses get clouded. Cataract, if untreated, could also lead to permanent loss of vision in the affected eye. The treatment for cataract involves removal of the cloudy formation in the patient’s eye. Due to technological advancement, the surgery for cataract only takes 15-20 minutes max. However, a patient is usually advised to observe some changes in their diet, sleeping pattern, and take their medicines as suggested by their consulting doctor.
Age-related Macular Degeneration (AMD)
This disease mostly affects the macula part of the eye which is a tiny portion found at the centre of our retina and it is responsible for a sharp and clear central vision. People suffering from AMD cannot do simple daily tasks like driving or reading, writing or identification of the various shades of colour. Fuzzy, distorted or a shadowy central vision is one of the early signs that a person has AMD. Although common in elderly people, it can happen to all age groups and the most prominent factors while assessing the health risks were found out to be the following ones.
- Age of an individual. Risks increases with age
- Most likely found in Caucasians
- A family history with the disease
- When a person has a history of smoking
The treatment for AMD depends upon whether the AMD is wet or dry. Dry AMD can be treated by nutritional therapy, which requires a heavy dose of nutritional elements. Laser Photocoagulation or Anti-VEGF therapy is needed for wet treatment.
Amblyopia and its treatment
It is caused due to poor visual development in the early stages of human life and this occurs mostly before a baby becomes 8 years old. Infants who were born with a lower weight at birth have a significantly high chance of developing this specific condition. Though the treatment should be administered as early as possible even people beyond the age of 18 years and adults have been seen to develop this issue of Amblyopia or the lazy eye, and the treatment is LASIK eye surgery.
For the elderly, the lazy eye gets much worse, since they also suffer from rigid muscles, an inevitable side effect of aging. Thus, it is important you only consult professionals such as PersonalEyes, when it comes to keeping your eye health in place.
Dry Eye Syndrome
It is caused by a lack of enough moisture in your eye. Moisture can be anything from oil, water or even mucous in the eye which shall keep it hydrated and always covered by a thin film of moisture. These are often caused by factors such as bad tear quality and insufficient production of moisture in your tear glands.
It is common for people who are over the age of 65 years, and the medicine prescribed for dry eye is normally a steroid eye drop, Restasis, or an artificial eye drop. They help in keeping the eyes moisturized and prevent dry eyes for the elderly. Xiidra is another common prescription for dry eye syndrome.
There are many more things that could create a problem in your eye, thus, regular checkup with a trusted eye doctor should be a part of your lifestyle.