At the point when somebody who is subject to alcohol suddenly stops or drastically decreases their alcohol consumption, they experience alcohol withdrawal syndrome.
Among the signs and symptoms of alcohol withdrawal at different stages are:
- Gastrointestinal disorders
- Heart palpitations
- Elevated blood pressure or heart rate
- Rapid, irregular breathing
How Much Alcohol Must I Consume Before I Experience Withdrawals?
It’s hard to know who will go through alcohol withdrawal, how long it will last, or how severe it will be. Your body chemistry, the amount of alcohol you drink daily, your age, if you have any co-occurring medical or mental health disorders, and a variety of other factors all play a role in whether or not you develop alcohol withdrawal symptoms.
Causes of Alcohol Withdrawal Syndrome
Alcohol withdrawal is thought to be induced by various abnormalities in brain activity brought on by long-term and excessive alcohol consumption. Though the neurochemical aspects of alcohol withdrawal syndrome are complex, the symptoms it causes are a compensatory response to past disruptions in inhibitory and excitatory neurotransmitter activity.
The effects of alcohol on the body are complex, but two neurochemicals, in particular, have a role in both the short-term consequences of drinking and the development of alcohol withdrawal syndrome when someone stops drinking: gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) and glutamate.
When a person consumes alcohol, it alters the activity of GABA receptors and some glutamate receptors, causing a slowing of brain function that manifests as reduced anxiety and drowsiness. To compensate for the effects of alcohol on these levels, the brain reduces the quantity of GABA released while increasing glutamate signaling. This adaptation is called “tolerance” since it works as long as you keep drinking alcohol.
When you quit or dramatically reduce your alcohol consumption, your brain activity is disrupted, resulting in a hyper-aroused state, which can cause a variety of withdrawal symptoms as soon as hours after your last drink.The degree of withdrawal symptoms varies widely from person to person, and it is estimated that over 80% of people with an alcohol use disorder will suffer withdrawal symptoms.
Medications for Alcohol Rehab
Doctors may prescribe benzodiazepines to help prevent or decrease the symptoms of severe alcohol withdrawal and the medical consequences that can occur. Certain withdrawal symptoms can be halted with the use of these medications, and significant effects can be avoided.
Other drugs may be given to help patients stay stable or provide assistance (e.g., anticonvulsants, antipsychotics, beta-blockers, and alpha-adrenergic agonists.) Fluids or vitamins may be provided to patients who are dehydrated or malnourished.
When Should You Seek Assistance?
You might be unsure how to know if you require alcohol treatment. When you can no longer regulate the amount or duration of your drinking, you may need alcoholism treatment. You may also recognize that you require assistance with alcohol abuse when you begin to experience negative repercussions as a result of your drinking, but you are unable to stop or reduce your use. Visit Taylor Recovery Centre to learn more about when you might require alcohol treatment.