What are the differences between coffee and espresso? How do you prepare filter coffee and espresso and how was the roasting again? Which drink has more caffeine? Adam Milani get to the bottom of these questions!
To get straight to the point: Whether filter coffee or espresso, both come from the same coffee plant.
You Only Have A Minute? The Differences In Brief:
The roast makes the difference! Espresso beans are usually roasted darker than filter coffee beans.
Espresso is made with an espresso machine at a brewing pressure of 6 to 9 bar in 25 to 30 seconds. Depending on how it is prepared, filter coffee is brewed in 2 to 6 minutes and then filtered.
A simple espresso consists of only 20 – 25 ml and has a cream, while filter coffee is usually served in larger cups, is clear and has no cream.
Here we go! The differences in detail:
Espresso Is Obtained With An Espresso Machine
The preparation of an espresso is relatively standardized. First, the coffee beans are ground very finely for an espresso. Due to the short throughput time of 25 to 35 seconds, the coffee can be extracted better – and only in this way can the required brewing pressure of 6 to 9 bar be built up. For a single espresso, 7 to 9 grams of coffee powder are usually filled into a port filter, for a double 12 to 20 grams. 20 to 50 millilitres of espresso are drawn off, depending on how much ground coffee was used. The water temperature for espresso is 90 to 96 °C and varies depending on the type of coffee and personal taste.
Filter coffee is brewed slowly
Since the preparation options for filter coffee are almost limitless, there is no strictly standardized brewing process. One of the most important differences in the preparation of filter coffee and espresso is the degree of grinding. For filter coffee, the beans are ground much coarser than for espresso. The coffee powder is then placed in a previously rinsed paper filter and gradually brewed with hot water – the so-called “pour over” process. Alternatively, the coffee in a vessel such. B. given a French press, filled with hot water, stirred and left for several minutes – so-called “full immersion” method. When preparing filter coffee, the water is heated to between 88 and 96 °C, depending on the type of coffee and personal taste.
Our Sample Packages For Coffee And Espresso
Optics And Taste
Espresso Can Be Recognized By The Typical Cream
The cream is a fine layer of foam that is created during the extraction of the coffee under the high pressure of the espresso machine. The CO2 contained in the coffee bean escapes and settles with fats and suspended matter as a brown layer on the espresso. Typically, a single espresso is served in a 50ml cup and a double espresso is served in a 150ml cappuccino cup . Due to the small amount of water, an espresso is very concentrated and has an intense taste. With an espresso, almost 10% coffee is dissolved in the water, so it is significantly more viscous than filter coffee.
A filter coffee tastes more nuanced and lighter
A filter coffee is much more transparent in the cup than an espresso. You can also recognize it by its less viscous consistency, with just under 2% coffee dissolved in water. It is prepared with little or no pressure and therefore has no cream. Its scent is complex, subtle and much more differentiated than that of an espresso. Filter coffee is drunk from all standard mugs, cups and glasses.